The discovery of the prevailing access that the fossil fuel industry has been granted to a conference – with the stated goal of curbing global temperature rise largely driven by the burning of fossil fuels – was laid out in new analysis from international NGO Global Witness.
Researchers analysed the participant list published by the United Nations, which is hosting the Glasgow summit.
Cop26 is widely viewed as a critical moment in the trajectory of the climate crisis, where nations are hammering out deals to keep “1.5C alive” amid a rapidly-closing window to prevent catastrophic warming.
Murray Worthy, gas campaign leader at Global Witness, said: “With the world quickly running out of time to avert climate disaster, this COP absolutely must be a success.
“The case for meaningful global action must not be diverted by a festival of polluters and their mouthpieces, who have no interest in seeing the changes we need to protect people and the planet.”
The fossil fuel lobbyists are either directly affiliated with companies like Shell, Gazprom and BP, or attending as members of delegations that act on behalf of the fossil fuel industry, the analysis found.
Among the findings:
- Totaling 503 individuals, the oil, gas and coal lobbyists have more delegates than any nation at Cop26 (Brazil is the nearest with 479 delegates, according to UN figures)
- The fossil fuel industry is better represented in Glasgow than the combined representation of the eight countries who have suffered the greatest climate impacts since 2000 – Puerto Rico, Myanmar, Haiti, Philippines, Mozambique, Bahamas, Bangladesh, Pakista
- Official delegations from 27 countries have brought along fossil fuel lobbyists including Canada, Russia and Brazil
- More than 100 fossil fuel companies have people representing them at COP including 30 trade groups
- Fossil fuel lobbyists have about twice as many people representing them at Cop26 compared to United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change’s (UNFCCC) official indigenous constituency
The Independent has reached out to the UNFCCC for comment.
Last month, CultureUnstained reported that the UK government ruled oil firms were “not appropriate” for an official Cop26 role. The UK’s Cop26 champion, Nigel Topping also told The Wall Street Journal that the oil industry’s current climate plans did not sufficiently meet global targets.
He said: “It’s imperative that the Glasgow meeting calls for the highest levels of ambition in terms of immediate emissions reductions. It [Cop26] cannot offer a platform to entities that do not meet this level of commitment.”
Days before Cop26 began, Shell boss Ben van Beurden reportedly told The Times that “we were told we were not welcome so we will not be there”.
Environmentalists had called for postponement of Cop26 due to unequal access for delegates from the Global South. The Climate Action Network, a global organisation of more than 1,500 civil society groups in more than 130 countries, called on the UK government and UN organisers to push it back again, citing the failure to provide vaccines to millions of people in poor countries, the rising costs of travel and accommodation, and ongoing uncertainty over Covid.
The research team, made up of Corporate Accountability, Corporate Europe Observatory (CEO) and Glasgow Calls Out Polluters, noted that oil and gas lobbyists were not the only polluting industries attempting to exert influence over the climate summit. They pointed to the hundreds of representatives from finance, agribusiness, and transportation also present at the summit.
“Cop26 is being sold as the place to raise ambition, but it’s crawling with fossil fuel lobbyists whose only ambition is to stay in business. The likes of Shell and BP are inside these talks despite openly admitting to upping their production of fossil gas. If we’re serious about raising ambition, then fossil fuel lobbyists should be shut out of the talks and out of our national capitals,” said Pascoe Sabido, researcher and campaigner for Corporate Europe Observatory.